Trademark Goods and Service Classes: NICE Classification, Codes

Updated on December 19, 2023 06:19:36 AM

A Trademark is a design that distinguishes your company's name or product from the brands of competitors. It helps in making the company stand out and preserving its trustworthy brand reputation in the marketplace.

The Trademark Registration is a long and complex procedure. The Trademark Opposition Process is one of the stages in the TM Registration. Trademark Opposition can be raised by anyone who feels infringement regarding their Trademark. In this article, we will explore the complete stages of the process, the ground of opposition, the purpose, and the duration of the TM opposition process.

Trademark classes are divided according to the nature of the business and the product. These classifications are divided into 45 different categories, and each category is described separately.

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Understanding the Trademark Classes and Categories

Classification of Trademark Classes is a system that ensures the Trademark is registered for a special good or service. It is also known as nice classification, which is the international classification of goods and services that applied for trademark registration. This classification includes around 80,000 goods and services.

Nice classification can be categorized into two major groups and a total of 45 classes. These are in the following manner:

  • Goods class: All physical goods and products are included in these classes, such as food items, musical instruments, cosmetics, etc. These depend on the nature and type of the product. There are 1 to 34 classes listed under "The Goods classes".
  • Service class: These categories are based on services, such as those in the fields of education, telecommunication, insurance, etc. They depend on the kind of service. 35 through 45 classes are included under "The Service Classes".

Complete list of trademark goods classes (1 to 34):

Trademark Classes Category Description
Class 1 Chemical items Chemicals used in industry, science, photography, agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesive used in industry
Class 2 Paint items Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colourants; mordents; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters; decorators; printers and artists
Class 3 Cosmetics and Cleaning items Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning; polishing; scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions, dentifrices
Class 4 Fuel or greasing items Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels (including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles, wicks
Class 5 Pharmaceutical items Pharmaceutical, veterinary and sanitary preparations; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; materials for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparation for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides
Class 6 Metal items Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores
Class 7 Machinery items Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs
Class 8 Hand tool items Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors
Class 9 Electrical and Scientific items Scientific, nautical, surveying, electric, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment and computers; fire extinguishing apparatus
Class 10 Medical apparatus Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopedic articles; suture materials
Class 11 Environmental control equipment Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes
Class 12 Vehicle product Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water
Class 13 Firearm items Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fireworks
Class 14 Jewelry product Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewelry, precious stones; horological and other chronometric instruments
Class 15 Musical instrument Musical instruments
Class 16 Paper and printed items Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists' materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); playing cards; printers' type; printing blocks
Class 17 Rubber items Rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal
Class 18 Leather items Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides, trunks and traveling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery
Class 19 Building material items (non-metallic) Building materials (non-metallic), non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal
Class 20 Furniture Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods (not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics
Class 21 Houseware and glass product Household or kitchen utensils and containers (not of precious metal or coated therewith); combs and sponges; brushes (except paintbrushes); brush making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steel wool; unworked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in building); glassware, porcelain and earthenware not included in other classes
Class 22 Rope and Fiber product Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks and bags (not included in other classes) padding and stuffing materials (except of rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile materials
Class 23 Yarn and Thread Yarns and threads, for textile use
Class 24 Textile items Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers
Class 25 Clothing and apparel item Clothing, footwear, headgear
Class 26 Fancy goods Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers
Class 27 Floor covering items Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile)
Class 28 Toys and Sporting items Games, toys and playthings; gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees
Class 29 Meat and processed food Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, fruit sauces; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats
Class 30 Staple food Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice
Class 31 Agricultural product Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt
Class 32 Non-Alcoholic drinks Beers, mineral and aerated waters, and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages
Class 33 Spirits and wines Alcoholic beverages (except beers)
Class 34 Smoke's items Tobacco, smokers' articles, matches

Complete list of service classes (35 to 45) :

Trademark classes Category Descriptions
Class 35 Advertisement and business Advertising, business management, business administration, office functions.
Class 36 Insurance and finance Insurance, financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.
Class 37 Constructions and repair Building construction; repair; installation services.
Class 38 Communication Telecommunications
Class 39 Transport and storage Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.
Class 40 Treatment services Treatment of materials.
Class 41 Education and entertainment Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.
Class 42 Computer and software service Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.
Class 43 restaurants and hotels Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.
Class 44 Medical and beauty Medical services, veterinary services, hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture, and forestry services.
Class 45 Legal and social services Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.

Importance of Choosing the Right Class for the Trademark

Many people are really confused about which classes their trademarks should be registered in when they register their trademarks. The correct class must be selected in order to register a trademark because failing to do so raises the possibility of rejection for the applicant.

There are several reasons why selecting the proper class for trademark registration is crucial; some of them are summarised below:

  • Legal protection: Legal protection for the applicant's Mark is provided by Trademark Registration in the appropriate classes. It also helps in establishing a solid brand reputation. It will take longer to register the Trademark and the application may be demolished if you choose the incorrect class.
  • Cost Saving: If the applicant selects the incorrect class while registering a trademark, there is a high probability that it will be rejected, and they will have to pay an additional fee for re-registration.
  • Future expansion: The applicant should choose the appropriate trademark class list if they have plans to grow their business. The chance of the firm expanding in the future is beneficial if the correct classes are chosen.
  • Avoid confusion: Choosing the right trademark class for trademark registration plays an important role because it avoids confusion for a product or business which is already existing in the market in the same classes. It can be the reason for the rejection of the application.

How to select the correct trademark class

Before selecting the trademark class for trademark registration, the applicant can reduce the chances of rejection by following these points:

  • First, the applicant has to identify the nature of the product or business. In this, the applicant has to decide which kind of material or service they are using for their business.
  • Select the classes according to the nice classification. It has broad categories of trademark classes, which determine in which class your trademark will go.
  • The applicant can take professional advice, before selecting classes for trademark registration. They will help with choosing the right class and they can also explain the legal protection for the trademark.

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The applicant has to be very clear about the goods and service classes, during the trademark registration. The applicant can fill more than one class. It makes more clear about the business and helps to create a unique reputation in the market and their consumer’s minds.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How many classes of goods are in a trademark?

According to the Nice classification, there are 45 classes. Class 1 to 34 is listed for the goods class and Class 35 to 45 is listed for the service class.

What is a Class 1 trademark

Trademark class 1 refers to the goods class. It includes all chemicals used in industry, horticulture, powders, adhesives used in industry, etc.

What is a class of goods and services?

Goods and services classes are the categories of the classification of the product or type of the business, which is very important during trademark registration.

How much does it cost to register a trademark in India?

The Govt cost to register a trademark is Rs 4500 in India.

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